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研究生考试英语长难句模拟题及知识点解析44题

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sunny 发表于 2016-3-8 15:41:53 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  考研英语长难句训练题:
  1. Yet, in several instances, justices acted in waysthat weaken the court's reputation for beingindependent and impartial.
  2. That kind of activity makes it less likely that the court's decisions will be accepted asimpartial judgements.
  3. At the very least, the court should make itselfsubject to the code of conduct that applies to therest of the federal judiciary.
  4. They gave justices permanent positions so theywould be free to upset those in power and have noneed to cultivate political support.
  5. Constitutional law is political because it resultsfrom choices rooted in fundamental social conceptslike liberty and property.
  6.When the court deals with social policy decisions, the law it shapes is inescapably political-which is why decisions split along ideological lines are so easily dismissed as unjust.
  7. The justices must address doubts about thecourt's legitimacy by making themselvesaccountable to the code of conduct.
  8. Laughter does produce short-term changes in the function of the heart snd its bloodvessels, boosting heart rate and oxygen consumption.
  9. But because hard laughter is diffficult to suatain, agood laugh is unlikely to have measurable benefitsthe way, say, walking or jogging does.
  10. It was argued at the end of the 19th century that humans do not cry because they are sadbut they become sad when the tears begin to flow.
  11. In an experiment pubished in 1988, socialpsychologist Fritz Strack of the University ofWurzburg in Germany asked volunteers to hold apen either with their teeth-thereby creating anartificial smile-or with their lips, which wouldproduce a disappointed expression.
  12. Those forced to exercises their smiling muscles reacted more enthusiastically to funnycartoons than did those whose mouths were contracted in a frown, suggeating thatexpressions may inflence emotions rather than just the other way around.
  13. Instead, the studies ended up giving their name to the "Hawthorne effect", the extremely influential idea that the very act of being experimented upon changes subjects' behavior.
  14. Accoding to accounts of the experiments, their hourly output rose when lighting was increasd, but also it was dimmed.
  15. An awareness that they were being experimentedupon seemed to be enough to alter workers'sbehavior by itself.
  16. Contrary to the description on record, nosystematic evidence was found that levels of productivity were related to changes inlighting.
 17. It turns out that peculiar way of conducting theexperiments may have led to misleadinginterpretations of what happened.
  18. When work started again on Monday, output duly rose compared with the Saturday andcontinued to rise for the next couple of days.
  19. However, a comparison with data for weeks whenthere was no experimentation showed that outputalways went upon Monday.
  20. This suggests that dimmer bulbs burn longer, that there is an advantage in not being toobright.
[Page]  21. It takes more upkeep, burns more fuel and is slowoff the starting line it depends on learning-a gradualprocess-instead of instinct.
  22. Plenty of other species are able to learn, and one of the things they've apparently learned iswhen to stop.
  23. Instead of casting a wistful glance backward atall the species we've left in the dust I.Q.-wise, itimplicitly asks what the real costs of our ownintelligencies might be.
  24. Research on animal intelligence also makes us wonder what experiments animals wouldperform on humans if they had the chance.
  25. They would try to decide what intelligence inhuamns is really for, not merely how much of itthere is.
  26. The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than others is one of thosehypotheses that dare not speak its name.
  27. He helped popularize the idea that some diseasesnot previously thought to have a bacterial causewere actually infections, which aroused muchcontroversy when was first suggested.
  28. Together with another two scientists, he is publishing a paper which not only suggeats thatone group of huamanity is more intelligent than the others, but explains the process that hasbrought this about.
[Page]  29. This group generally do well in IQ test, scoring 12-15 points above the mean value of 100, and havecontributed disproportinately to the intellectual, andcultural life of the West, as the careers of their elites,including several world-renowned scientists, affirm.
  30. His argumet is that the unusual history of these people has subjected them to uniqueevolutionary pressures that have resulted in this paradoxical state of affairs.
  31. Born in the crisis of the old regime and IberianColonialism, many of the leades of independenceshared the ideals of representative govornment,careers open to talent, freedom of commerce andtrade, the right to vate property, and a belief in theindividulas the basis of society.
  32. Gernerally these was a belidf that the new nations should be sovereign and independentstates, large enough to be economically viable and integrated by a particular set of laws.
  33. On the issue of freedom of religion and theposition of the church, however, there was lessagreement among the leadership.
  34. While most leaders sought to maintain Catholicism as the official religion of the new states,some sought to end the exclusion of other faiths.
  35. Early promise to end Indian tribute and taxes onpeople of mixed orgin came much slower because thenew nations still needed the revenue such policiesproduced.
  36. Egalitarian sentiments were often tempered by fears that the mass of the population wasunprepared for selfrule and the democracy.
  37. Indeed homelessness has reached suchproportions that local government can't possiblycope.
  38. To help homeless people toward independence, the federal government must support jobtraining programs, raise the government wage, and fund more loe-cost housing.
  39. Although the figure way vary, analysts do agreeon another matter: that the number of the homelessis increasing.
  40. Even when homeless individuals manage to find a shelter that will give them three meals aday and a place to sleep at night, a good number still spend the bulk of the day wandering thestreet.
[Page]  41. Many others, while not addicted or mentally ill,simply lack the everyday survival skills needed toturn their lives around.
  42. Boston Globe reporter Chris Reidy notes that the situation will improve only when there arecomprehensive programs that address hemany needs of the homeless.
  43. This means that our noses are limited toperceiving those smells which float through the air,missing the majority of smells which stick tosurfaces.
  44. Our noses are capable of detecting human amells even when these are diluted to far belowone part in one million.

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